A filosofia da mente como um problema da filosofia e da ciência

Autores

  • Samal Jalmagambetova L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
  • Yessim Garifolla L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
  • Gulzhykhan Nurysheva Al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Palavras-chave:

Estudos comparativos, Experimento de pensamento, Relação mente-matéria, A tradição islâmica de pensamento, Inteligência artificial

Resumo

O objetivo do artigo científico é uma análise comparativa da filosofia da consciência, no contexto da teoria ocidental e oriental. No processo das três etapas da pesquisa científica, os autores utilizaram métodos científicos gerais e únicos, como métodos de análise, síntese, generalização, indução, comparativos e análise de conteúdo. As obras científicas e metodológicas de representantes da filosofia ocidental e oriental são analisadas para explicar o problema da consciência humana. As características do monoteísmo islâmico, nas visões de Al-Farabi, bem como a relação entre pensamento e corpo, na teoria de Ibn Sina, são consideradas. A interpretação da filosofia da consciência da região ocidental é apresentada no exemplo da heterofenomenologia e do fisicalismo de Dennett, o experimento mental da “sala chinesa” de Searle e outros. As semelhanças e diferenças fundamentais na explicação da filosofia da consciência pelos cientistas ocidentais e orientais são determinadas. A crítica analítica do autor a essas tendências filosóficas é fornecida.

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Biografia do Autor

Samal Jalmagambetova, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University

Department of Philosophy, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana – Republic of Kazakhstan. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1825-0545.

Yessim Garifolla, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University

Department of Philosophy, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana – Republic of Kazakhstan. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9482-274X.

Gulzhykhan Nurysheva, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University

Department of Philosophy and Political Science, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty – Republic of Kazakhstan. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0007-9558-9514.

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Received: 19/05/2023 - Approved: 20/06/2023 - Published: 13/11/2023

Publicado

2023-11-13

Como Citar

Jalmagambetova, S., Garifolla, Y., & Nurysheva, G. (2023). A filosofia da mente como um problema da filosofia e da ciência. TRANS/FORM/AÇÃO: Revista De Filosofia Da Unesp, 47(2), e0240025. Recuperado de https://revistas.marilia.unesp.br/index.php/transformacao/article/view/14612