Ciência precautória: sistematização e proposta de definição da precaução epistêmica

Autores

  • Pedro Bravo Universidade de São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5072/0101-3173.2024.v47.n.pe02400176

Palavras-chave:

Filosofia da ciência, Ciência e valores, Ciência precautória, Risco indutivo

Resumo

Defensores do princípio da precaução propõem com frequência mudanças nas práticas científicas, para que elas facilitem o mesmo objetivo do princípio: evitar ameaças incertas ao ambiente ou à saúde humana. A ciência deveria ser uma ciência precautória. Apesar da importância prática da ciência precautória e da sua proximidade com os debates sobre ciência e valores, ela ainda não foi sistematicamente examinada. Neste artigo, pretende-se contribuir para a literatura sobre a ciência precautória de dois modos: sistematizando sua literatura prévia e propondo uma definição de um de seus elementos principais, a precaução epistêmica, como uma orientação específica para a gestão de riscos indutivos. Conclui-se com algumas objeções que tal definição levanta, bem como caminhos de pesquisas futuras para abordá-las.

Biografia do Autor

  • Pedro Bravo, Universidade de São Paulo

    Doutor em Filosofia pela Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP – Brasil. Foi bolsista – Processo nº 2019/10200-3, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), São Paulo, SP – Brasil. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3991-1931.

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Recebido: 23/11/2023 – Aprovado 16/02/2024 – Publicado: 15/05/2024

Publicado

18-06-2024

Como Citar

Ciência precautória: sistematização e proposta de definição da precaução epistêmica. (2024). Trans/Form/Ação, 47, e02400176. https://doi.org/10.5072/0101-3173.2024.v47.n.pe02400176