Children, maternal and socioeconomic characteristics influence oral hygiene habits in schoolchildren

Authors

  • Katrini Guidolini Martinelli a Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Maiara Paula Malacarne Zambaldi a Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Edson Theodoro dos Santos-Neto a Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Maria del Camem Bisi Molina a Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36311/jhgd.v32.13163

Keywords:

Oral hygiene, Habits, Child, Social Determinants of Health

Abstract

Backgroung: the prevention of dental caries is basically done by brushing and flossing the teeth. The adoption of these habits, especially in children, is a complex process that depends on factors related to different aspects of life.

Objective: to determine the association between children’s, maternal and socioeconomic characteristics with oral hygiene habits in students aged 7 to 10 years in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Methods: cross-sectional study conducted with probabilistic sample of triple stage with final study population of 1,282 students. Data were collected using a questionnaire applied to children and questionnaire sent to parents to fill out and return. The outcome was the variable summary called “Oral Hygiene Practices” with three possible combinations: less favorable level, intermediate level and more favorable level. The independent variables were children´s, maternal and socioeconomic characteristics. The Multinomial Regression Analysis was performed between the independent variables that showed significance less or equal to 0.10 in the Bivariate Analysis and the summary variable. The significance level for the variables in the final model was p<0.05 and less favorable level was used as reference.

Results: most were female (58.0%), aged 8 and 9 (56.1%) and enrolled in public schools (82.8%). The most favorable oral hygiene level showed the highest prevalence (78.0%) among schoolchildren. Remained associated to more favorable level in the final model the variables: living with father and mother in the same home (OR=2,88; IC95%=1,15-7,20), dental appointment (OR=3,01; IC95%=1,32-6,85), cavity experience (OR=2,88; IC95%=1,15-7,20)) and own a toothbrush (OR=4,72; IC95%=1,43-15,66).

Conclusion: social determinants have a strong influence on the adoption of positive habits. It is necessary for public health a more comprehensive approach to the perspective of health inequalities so that the family and social context should not be overlooked.

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Published

2022-06-23

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES