Journal of Human Growth and Development <p><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title="">It is a scientific journal with continuous publication of annual volumes whose mission is to disseminate scientific production in Health Sciences and related areas, aiming to contribute to the discussion and development of knowledge around the problem of human growth and development.<br /><strong>JHGD</strong><br /><strong>e-ISSN:</strong> 2175-3598<br /><strong>ISSN (printed):</strong> 0104-1282<br /><strong>ISSN L:</strong> 0104-1282<br /><strong>Ano de fundação:</strong> 1991<br /><strong>Frequência:</strong> Quatro meses<br /><strong>Editor responsável:</strong> Luiz Carlos de Abreu and Vitor Engrácia Valenti<br /><strong>E-mail institucional:</strong><br /></span></span></p> <p><strong>Indexers:</strong></p> <p><strong><em>database:</em></strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> <a href="">CAPES</a> | <a href=";jump=000001">CLASE</a> | <a href="">Copernicus Plublications</a> | EBSCO | Google Scholar | <a href=";lang=P&amp;base=INDEXPSI&amp;indexSearch=Ta&amp;exprSearch=%22REV.%20BRAS.%20CRESCIMENTO%20DESENVOLV$%22%20OR%20%20%22REV.%20BRAS.%20DE%20CRESCIMENTO%20E%20DESENV$%22&amp;nextAction=lnk&amp;label=REVISTA%20BRASILEIRA%20DE%20CRESCIMENTO%20E%20DESENOVLVIMENTO%20HUMANO%20(todos%20os%20anos)">Índice Psi Periódicos</a> | <a href=";nextAction=lnk&amp;format=detailed.pft&amp;indexSearch=TA&amp;exprSearch=%22REV.%20BRAS.%20CRESCIMENTO%20DESENVOLV$%22&amp;lang=p&amp;base=LILACS&amp;label=Rev.%20Bras.%20de%20Desenvolvimento%20Humano%20LILACS">LILACS</a> | <a href=";nextAction=lnk&amp;format=detailed.pft&amp;index">Pepsic</a> <a href="">Scopus</a> | <a href="">Scilit</a><br /></span></p> <p><strong><em>Diretórios:</em></strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Diadorim | <a href="">DOAJ</a> | DRJI | <a href=";colors=7&amp;lang=en&amp;jour_id=487091">EZB</a> <br /></span></p> <p><strong><em>Índices e Portais:</em></strong> <span style="font-weight: 400;"><a href="">Latindex</a> | <a href="">MIAR</a> | SSOAR | <a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0">SJR</a><br /></span></p> <p><strong> </strong><strong><em>Redes Sociais Acadêmicas:</em></strong> <span style="font-weight: 400;">CrossRef | <a href="">LatinRev</a> | </span><span style="font-weight: 400;"><a href="">ProQuest</a> </span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><br /><br /></p> Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências en-US Journal of Human Growth and Development 0104-1282 Body fat estimated by equations based on anthropometric parameters correlates with bioelectrical impedance in patients undergoing bariatric surgery <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> predictive equations to estimate body fat based on simple anthropometric parameters are easy to use in the clinical practice.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to evaluate the relationship between predictive equations based on anthropometric parameters and bioelectrical impedance to estimate body fat in individuals undergoing bariatric surgery.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> a prospective and longitudinal study carried out with individuals undergoing bariatric surgery. Body weight, body mass index, waist circumference and body fat percentage estimated by anthropometric parameters and by impedance were evaluated at three moments, one month before, two and six months after surgery. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA for repeated measures with Holm-Sidak´s post hoc or Friedman test with Tukey´s post hoc, and Pearson or Spearman correlations, according to data distribution. Significance level adopted 5%.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> twenty-five subjects composed the final sample. All anthropometric parameters reduced significantly over time (p&lt;0.001). Except for Lean et al equation before surgery, the body fat percentage estimated by other formulas showed a strong correlation with impedance in all moments, with the highest correlation strength observed in Gómez-Ambrosi et al. equation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> in the present study, the equations used showed a good correlation with bioelectrical impedance, and the Gómez-Ambrosi et al. equation as a better option to the use of bioimpedance to assess changes in body fat percentage of patients undergoing bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity.</p> Amanda Motta de Bortoli Beatriz Bobbio de Brito Luís Lucas Vasconcelos Neves Ricardo Lucio de Almeida Leandro dos Santos Valério Garrone Barauna Fabiano Kenji Haraguchi Copyright (c) 2022 Bortoli AM, Brito BB, Neves LLV, Almeida RL, Santos L, Barauna VG, Haraguchi FK 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 185 192 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13776 Food consumption in early childhood: contribution to food and nutritional surveillance <p>Adequate nutrition in childhood contributes to the establishment of healthy eating habits that will be reflected, not only in the short term, but also in adulthood. The objective was to characterize food consumption and identify factors associated with the inadequate nutritional status of children under two years of age. This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a sample of 344 infants under two years of age and their respective mothers, followed up in Family Health Units. Sociodemographic and anthropometric variables of mothers and infants and the food consumption of these children were assessed using a structured questionnaire. The strength of association between the dependent and the independent variables was assessed by the odds ratio, both in the univariate and in the multiple analysis, with a significance level of 5%. After adjusting for confounding variables, gestational anemia [OR: 3.58 CI: 1.46-8.77] and maternal work [OR: 0.38, CI: 0.18-0.80] remained associated with inadequate nutritional status. It is necessary to implement more effective programs for family counseling, reinforcing the importance of breastfeeding and the correct inclusion of complementary feeding.</p> Ana Clara Della Torre Débora Vasconcelos Bastos Marques Denismar Alves Nogueira Tábatta Renata Pereira de Brito Daniela Braga Lima Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Growth and Development 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 193 203 10.36311/jhgd.v32.10249 Adherence to the 10 steps for a healthy diet in pregnant women in Southeast Brazil <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Nutritional guidelines in prenatal care can influence the pregnant woman's eating behavior, reducing the risks for the mother-baby binomial.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To analyze adherence to the 10 steps for healthy eating during pregnancy and its association with maternal and socioeconomic factors in pregnant women in Espírito Santo, Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Data were obtained through an electronic questionnaire widely publicized on social networks. Socioeconomic, prenatal and eating behavior data were collected from 368 participants. The 10 Steps to Healthy Eating during pregnancy, adapted from the Brazilian Ministry of Health, using the Praise-Guide-Recommend System (EOR) were used as evaluation criteria. Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to analyze differences between proportions. The binary logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between independent variables and steps towards healthy eating. A significance level of 5% and a confidence interval of 95% were adopted.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Most pregnant women reported adherence of 3 to 5 steps (78.5%), fitting into the O-Orientation category. It was observed that receiving nutritional guidance during prenatal care increased adherence in step 4 (OR: 1.99; 95%CI: 1.26-3.15), in step 5 (OR: 2.02; 95%CI: 1 .26-3.24) and step 9 (OR: 1.66; 95%CI: 1.66-2.58).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results suggest the need to strengthen prenatal actions, mainly related to guidelines on encouraging healthy and adequate eating habits.</p> Camila Bruneli do Prado Edson Theodoro Dos Santos Neto Silvia das Dores Rissino Daiene Rosa Gomes Luciane Bresciani Salaroli Copyright (c) 2022 Prado CB, Santos Neto ETS, Rissino SD, Gomes DR, Salaroli LB 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 204 214 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13329 Psychometric validation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Body Image Scale – HIV for people living with HIV/AIDS <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Body Image can be defined as the mental representation of body identity. The surroundings, the gaze of the other, they emotions, they integrity, and our own fragility are elements of this representation. The social stigma caused by body changes in people living with HIV / AIDS may be more intense than the fear of death itself, being important to assess the impact of these changes in the course of treatment.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To perform the psychometric validation of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Body Image Scale - HIV for a sample of Brazilians, of both sexes, living with HIV / AIDS.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The total of 1050 patients were recruited from the São Bernardo do Campo HIV/AIDS program, aged between 18 and 78 years. Confirmatory factor analysis using the Unweighted Least Square and listwise deletion was used to determine the adherence of the data to the models tested.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Adequate coefficients of internal reliability and evidence of construct validity were established for the Brazilian version of BIS-HIV in the unifactorial model.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong>This scale, with evidenced psychometric qualities, provides a useful tool for quantitative investigations of body image in people with HIV/AIDS in the Brazilian context and extends the possibility of future cross-cultural research.<br /><br /></p> Walter Henrique Martins Marcos Alberto Martins Gerson Vilhena Pereira Filho Karina Vivivani de Oliveira Pessoa Angela Nogueira Neves Luiz Carlos de Abreu Copyright (c) 2022 Martins WH, Martins MA, Pereira Filho GV, Pessoa KVO, Neves AN, Abreu LC 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 215 226 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13326 Epigenetic alteration of BDNF gene, social and health status as predictors of food and nutrition insecurity among familiar coffee farmers <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> state of Food and Nutritional Security (FNS) is one that should guarantee the right of permanent access to quality food and in sufficient quantity without prejudicing access to other basic rights. In Brazil, rural family farming establishments represent 84.4% of total agricultural establishments and contribute to more than 70% of all food consumed by Brazilians. In this context, the production of the coffee commodity stands out. However, despite being food producers, they do not earn a good income. Slow economic activity can lead to loss of wages and income, illness, as well as food insecurity (FNiS). In addition, the molecular effects of FNiS are poorly studied, especially epigenetic.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> the objective of the present study is to analyze the association between Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) DNA methylation and socio demographic, lifestyle, and epigenetic factors, among coffee farmers in the Caparaó zone, in Espirito Santo, Southeast Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> the study was carried out in 22 randomly selected coffee producing communities in Zona Caparaó, an area that produces coffee of recognized quality. A total of 570 coffee farming households, 18 to 60 years of age, were included in the study by answering a questionnaire about socioeconomic characteristics, land use and ownership, behavior, health, and working conditions. FNiS evaluation was carried out using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. BDNF exon I methylation was examined by methylation-specific PCR. Body mass index and biochemical analyses were performed. Logistic regression models were used to verify factors associated with FNiS (p&lt;0.05). Data were analyzed using the Stata® statistical software package version 14.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the FNiS prevalence found was 23.68%. In multivariable logistic regression, the occurrence of FNiS was associated with hypermethylation of exon I of the BDNF promoter exon I [ORa = 5.03 (95% (1.98, 12.82)] when compared to the unmethylated gene. Moreover, FNiS was associated with excessive workload [ORa = 3.36 (1.23, 9.22)], possession of less land (hectares) [ORa = 0.77 (0.67, 0.90)] and greater number symptoms and / or illnesses in real life [ORa = 1.12 (].</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> there is a high prevalence of Food Insecurity in the studied region. This phenomenon was associated with epigenetic factors (BDNF methylation), excessive workload, small land ownership and a greater number of diseases / symptoms. Food insecurity is a psychosocial stressor that can lead to epigenetic changes in the BDNF gene, responsible for regulating cognitive functions, neuronal survival and involved in the genesis of psychiatric diseases.</p> Wagner Miranda Barbosa Carlos César Jorden Almança Flavia Vitorino Fretias Catarine Conti Julia de Assis Pinheiro Alcemi Almeida de Barros Joaquim Gasparini dos Santos Aline Ribeiro Borçoi João Batista Pavesi Simão Luciane Daniele Cardoso Juliana Krüger Arpini Mayara Mota de Oliveira Juliana Dalbó Anderson Barros Archanjo Suzanny Oliveira Mendes Lucas de Lima Maia Iúri Louro Adriana Madeira Álvares-da-Silva Copyright (c) 2022 Barbosa WM, Almança CCJ, Fretias FV, Conti C, Pinheiro JA, Barros AA, Santos JG, Borçoi AR, Simão JBP, Cardoso LD, Arpini JK, Oliveira MM, Dalbó J, Archanjo AB, Mendes SO, Maia LL, Louro I, Álvares-da-Silva AM. 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 227 236 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13846 Consumption of minimally processed and ultra-processed foods by individuals on hemodialysis in southeastern Brazil <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The individuals with chronic kidney disease show low adherence to a diet rich in vegetables.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To evaluate the association of minimally processed and ultra-processed food consumption with socioeconomic factors, lifestyle habits, and clinical characteristics of hemodialysis service users in southeastern Brazilian.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Cross-sectional study with 1,024 individuals on hemodialysis from southeastern Brazil. The individuals answered a questionnaire of sociodemographic data, lifestyle habits, and food consumption. After stipulating the frequency of consumption, we classified the foods as minimally processed and ultra-processed. We investigated the association between independent variables and the consumption of minimally processed and ultra-processed foods through the binary logistic regression model with Odds Ratio (OR) and their confidence intervals (95%CI).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Users with less than eight years of education (OR=1.706; 95%CI1.125–2.589) and with income less than two minimum wages (OR=1.349; 95%CI1.007–1.806) had lower consumption of minimally processed foods. However, individuals aged 19 to 29 years (OR=2,857, 95%CI1.464–5.576), smokers (OR=2.349; 95%CI1.237–4.462), drinkers (OR=1.835; 95%CI1.122–3.001), and with more than 6 years on hemodialysis (OR=1.975; 95%CI1.227–3.180) were more likely to have higher consumption of ultra-processed foods. Individuals that did not practice physical activity were less likely to this consumption (OR=0.638; 95%CI0.459–0.888).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Being younger, smoking, consuming alcohol, and having been on hemodialysis for more than 6 years increased the chances of greater consumption of ultra-processed foods. In addition, we associated less education and lower income with a lower consumption of minimally processed foods.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Nina Mara Paterlini Marques Monica Cattafesta Fabíola Lacerda Pires Soares Glenda Blaser Petarli Mirian Patrícia Castro Pereira Paixão Cleodice Alves Martins Edson Theodoro dos Santos Neto Luciane Bresciani Salaroli Copyright (c) 2022 Marques NMP, Cattafesta M, Soares FLP, Petarli GB, Paixão MPCP, Martins CA, Neto EDS, Salaroli LB 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 237 251 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13856 Perception of the risk factors for oral cancer and access to preventive actions in the perspective of the population in street situation and health professionals Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. <p><strong>Backgroung:</strong> in Brazil, the homeless population is a phenomenon that involves a variety of factors that, among the most frequent, are: the rupture of family bonds, the inexistence of work and the absence or insufficiency of income and frequent use of alcohol and other drugs.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to analyze the perception of oral cancer, its risk factors and preventive actions from the perspective of the homeless population and health professionals from the team Clinic on the Street in the city of Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> a qualitative study, developed through Content Analysis, carried out from January to April 2018, with the homeless population and health professionals’ team of Clinic on the Street in Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> it was evidenced that the homeless population’ situation and the health professionals of Clinic on the Street have perception about the risk factors related to this aggravation, however the users are not concerned with preventive actions. The professionals of the team do not develop actions aimed at the prevention of the disease. From the perspective of the team and the users, preventive actions can be developed, however what is predominant is the accomplishment of punctual actions with emphasis on changing harmful habits.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the homeless population and the professionals from Clinic on the Street are aware of the main risk factors for oral cancer. The team does not develop specific actions to prevent this disease and users understand the need for prevention. The difficulty of access and the period of return to the dental surgeon are factors that make prevention difficult.</p> Eufrasia Santos Cadorin Romeu Paulo Martins Silva Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra Copyright (c) 2022 Cadorin ES, Silva RPM, Abreu LC, Bezerra IMP 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 252 264 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13314 Components of intersectoral partnerships and positive health outcomes in highly vulnerable areas in São Paulo/Brazil: a mixed methods study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Studying highly vulnerable areas is challenging, but it can support intersectoral actions to tackle the social inequalities prevalent therein.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This research explores the relationship between the central constituents of intersectoral collaborations and the positive results of intersectoral actions in areas of high social vulnerability in São Paulo, Brazil. It also analyzes the perception of professionals in basic health units (BHU) regarding the results related to those actions.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study employed methodological triangulation and the mixed method sequential explanatory strategy. First, we applied an online form validated by face and content for BHU managers. Then, we used the SPSS Statistics software to perform nonparametric tests. Statistical significance was set at p &lt; 0.05, and 95% confidence intervals and phi coefficients were calculated. After identifying the units that carried out intersectoral actions with different partners, we conducted focus groups in four of them with 26 health professionals until saturation. Finally, we integrated quantitative and qualitative data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The bivariate analysis showed that the creation of healthy habits and environmental improvements were associated with the central components of intersectoral partnerships. The content analysis presented steps to elaborate the actions and arrive at the results from the central elements. Integration of the results explained how the results related to the actions were elaborated, considering the central elements of the collaborative processes.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Partners negotiate with patients or communities to adhere to the care provided through the collaborative process. However, they recognized that they needed to evaluate the proposed actions regularly.</p> Patricia Melo Bezerra Iara Coelho Zito Guerriero Copyright (c) 2022 Bezerra PM, Guerriero ICZ 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 265 276 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13777 Vectocardiographic analysis of right ventricular electrical conduction delay <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The electrocardiographic interpretation of end conduction delay (ECD) in the right ventricular branch of the heart has already generated some hypotheses that this right branch is not single, as anatomically demonstrated, and can be divided into distinct terminal branches when we analyze tracings through the vectorcardiogram.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> There were 227 electrocardiograms selected, with typical characteristics defined as ECD of patients from the electrocardiography service of the Centro Universitário Saúde ABC, of both sexes, in the age range of 18 to 87 years, with varied ethnicities, weight and height, with cardiovascular risk factors or without them. We performed vectorcardiograms in these patients to observe the behavior of the final portion of electrical conduction.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Analyzing the vectorcardiographic tracings of patients who presented ECD in electrocardiogram, we confirmed in the recording by the frontal plane, the presence of ECD but recorded in three distinct regions; 103 patients in the right upper quadrant between -120° and -150°, 45 patients in the right lower quadrant between +170° and -170°, and medial, and 79 patients in the right lower quadrant between +110° and + 140°.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Electrical depolarization of the heart in the right ventricle in electrocardiographic tracings apparently records typical alterations that we can diagnose as depolarization of a single bundle; but when we performed vectorcardiograms, we recorded three distinct zones of right ventricular depolarization with delay; i.e., three distinct sectors of right ventricle free wall delay, such as type I (upper), type II (lower) and type III (medial).</p> Augusto Armando de Lucca Junior Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo Raimundo Barbosa Barros Rodrigo de Souza Abreu Kjell Nikus Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera Copyright (c) 2022 Junior AAL, Raimundo RD, Barros RB, Abreu LC, Nikus K, Pérez-Riera AR 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 277 283 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13778 Mortality attributable to cardiovascular diseases in young adults residents in Brazil <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in the world. Despite the reduction in CVD incidence and mortality in the 20th century, the values remain high in the 21st century. In Brazil, there is a gap in population studies that estimated standardized mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases in young adults.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to assess the trend in mortality from cardiovascular diseases in young adults, according to sex, age group and regions of Brazil.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> ecological time series study using official secondary data from Mortality Information Systems (SIM). All deaths from cardiovascular diseases (I00-I-99) in young adults aged 20-49 years, residing in Brazil, in the period from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2017, were considered. Data were extracted from the Department of Informatics of the SUS (DATASUS). The Prais-Winsten regression model was used and the Annual Percentage Variation (APV) was calculated. All analyzes were performed in STATA 14.0 software.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> during the period 2008-2017, 294,232 deaths (8.7%) from cardiovascular disease were identified in young adults aged 20-49 years. A reduction in CVD mortality was identified in all regions of Brazil, except for individuals aged 20-24 years, residing in the Northeast region, which showed an increase (APC: 2.45%) (p&lt;0.05) 2013 -2017. The greatest variation in the mortality trend occurred in the South region (APC: -25.2%). While the smallest change in mortality trend occurred in the Northeast region (APC: -8.8%). The annual decline was smaller in the second quinquennium (2013-2017) compared to the first (2008-2012). Furthermore, the decline was more pronounced among women (APC: -2.51%) (p&lt;0.05) 2008-2012 and in young adults aged 40-44 years (APC: -2.91%) (p&lt;0.05) 2008-2012. Furthermore, the trend in CVD mortality stabilized from 2013 onwards in males (p&gt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the results demonstrate a decreasing trend in mortality from Cardiovascular Disease in young adults in Brazil, between 2008-2017. It is concluded that there is inequality in the trend of mortality from CVD according to sex, age group and regions of Brazil.<br /><br /></p> Silmara Lira Ribeiro Hugo Macedo Ferraz e Souza Júnior Fernando Adami Edigê Felipe de Sousa Santos Henrique de Moraes Bernal Fabiana Rosa Neves Smiderle Renata Macedo Martins Pimentel Daniel Paulino Venâncio Copyright (c) 2022 Ribeiro SL, Souza Júnior HMF, Adami F, Sousa Santos EF, Bernal HM, Pimentel RMM, Venâncio DP 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 284 297 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13328 Risk of cardiovascular disease in soccer referees: a cross sectional study <p><strong>Introducrion:</strong> although the mortality rate among soccer players is low, it causes much impact on the entire community and is a fascinating conundrum. <br><strong>Objetive:</strong> to evaluate the cardiovascular risk of soccer referees, to describe the frequency of cardiovascular risk considering age groups younger and older than 35 years old and to relate the Framingham and PROCAM indices for the comparison of cardiovascular risk in soccer referees. <br><strong>Methods:</strong> We analyzed 50 referees of Paulista Soccer Federation subjected to clinical and laboratory based evaluations at the Center for Sports Health at the Faculty of Medicine of ABC, and were divided into two groups: lower and higher than 35 years of age. For analysis involving all variables of the study it was initially carried out as a descriptive evaluation of the entire group, and then the Framingham and PROCAM methods were applied in a two-dimensional way. Finally, the logistic regression analysis was applied. Anthropometric statistics, blood pressure, laboratory tests and ergospirometric values were within normal limits. <br><strong>Results:</strong> referees older than 35 years old presented significant increased values of waist circumference, body mass index, glucose blood levels, lower VO2max and higher cardiovascular risk according to Framingham and PROCAM. <br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the risk for coronary heart disease was higher in referees older than 35 years old.</p> Marcelo Ferreira Celso Ferreira Luiz Carlos de Abreu Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Growth and Development 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 298 308 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13886 Quality of life and associated factors in patients with hematological cancer according to EORTC QLQ-C30 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Hematological cancers account for 9% of all cancers and their progression and treatment directly affect quality of life (QoL).</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study assessed QoL and associated factors in patients with hematological cancer according to the EORTC QLQ-C30.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Cross-sectional study carried out from August 2017 to June 2019. We included adults and the elderly of both sexes, with hematological cancer, undergoing oral or venous chemotherapy. Nutritional status was assessed by the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and QoL by EORTC QLQ-C30.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Fifty-one patients aged in average 60.0 ± 15 years were evaluated. Of these, 51.0% were women, 80.4% were non-white, 37.3% had B lymphoid cell neoplasia, 60.8% had been diagnosed for ≤ 3 years, 77.1% were on chemotherapy, and 64.7% were well- nourished. The scores for global health status and functional scales were high and for symptoms and single items they were low, indicating good QoL and functionality and low symptomatology. After multivariate linear regression, the time of diagnosis ≤ 3 years was associated with functional performance (p &lt;0.05) and malnutrition was associated with cognitive function (p &lt;0.05) and with symptoms of fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and insomnia (p &lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The patients evaluated had good quality of life and functionality, few symptoms, and were well-nourished. Time of diagnosis and malnutrition were associated with the role functioning and cognitive functioning domains, and with symptoms, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and insomnia.</p> Mariana de Souza Vieira Lorraine Pires Avancini Laís Freitas da Costa Glenda Blaser Petarli Taísa Sabrina Silva Pereira José Luiz Marques Rocha Valdete Regina Guandalini Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Growth and Development 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 309 320 Child sleep habits and maternal perception throughout the child's first year of life <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> in children’s health, sleep plays a significant role, especially in physical and cognitive maturation and in the abilities to deal with stress, regulate emotions and socialize.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> to analyze children’s sleep habits during the first year of life and factors associated with nighttime awakenings according to maternal perceptions.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> a longitudinal, prospective study, with follow-up of 144 mothers and their children in the first month, third/fourth month and 12th/13th month of age, in a medium-sized city in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. Sleep habits were analyzed using measures of central tendency and dispersion and valid association tests Chi-square and Fisher’s exact, significance level α=0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the predominant place where children sleep is the same room and bed as the parental caregivers. Most children sleep in the lateral and dorsal decubitus position. Mean sleep time was 12:30h in the first month, 11:30h in the third/fourth month and 11:24h in the 12th month. Mean nighttime sleep time increased and daytime sleep decreased. From the first month to the 12th month of life, there were no changes in nocturnal awakenings. Perception of sleep as a problem increased from 4% to 9% among participants.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> three moments in the first year of life show characteristics of children’s sleep habits, about where children sleep, sleeping position, average sleep time and nocturnal awakenings, suggesting the importance of information obtained longitudinally. Nocturnal awakenings were associated with the occurrence of weaning and the maternal perception about child sleep as a problem.<br /><br /></p> Nayara Cristina Pereira Henrique Jeniffer Stephanie Marques Hilário Fernando Mazzilli Louzada Luiz Guilherme Dacar Silva Scorzafave Daniel Domingues dos Santos Débora Falleiros de Mello Copyright (c) 2022 Henrique NCP, Hilário JSM, Louzada FM, Scorzafave LGDS, dos Santos DD, de Mello DF 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 321 330 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13095 Sexual violence during pregnancy: cross-sectional study with women in puerperium <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Sexual violence during pregnancy is a serious violation of human rights and reproductive rights. Its prevalence is variable and multifactorial, depending on the analyzed territory and sociocultural and economic factors, requiring permanent monitoring.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional study conducted at the Mandaqui Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil. The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS) was applied to 350 puerperium women, with the outcome of suffering or not sexual violence during pregnancy, with data collected between September and December 2021. Sociodemographic and reproductive data were considered. We used an urn technique, with pre-coded data analyzed in EpiInfo® by Pearson's Chi-square and Mann Whitney test, adopting p&lt;0.05 and 95% CI. Research approved by the Research Ethics Committee, CAAE No. 50580421.5.0000.5551.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> We found eight cases of sexual violence (2.3%) and sample loss of 18.9%. Women who suffered sexual violence reported more physical violence in the last 12 months (25.0% x 6.1% - <em>p</em>=0.033, OR/CI 0.19: 0.03-1.03) and fear of the most frequent intimate partner (25.0% x 3.5% - <em>p</em>=0.002, OR/CI 0.10: 0.01-0.59), but we did not find a difference in the history of suffering violence before the age of 15 and by the partner throughout life. There was no difference in age, schooling, race/color, union, income and work. The same occurred for reproductive aspects, with no difference regarding the occurrence of prematurity, high-risk pregnancy, reproductive planning and tobacco/alcohol use during pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy was lower than in other Brazilian studies and populations from other countries. Women with sexual violence during pregnancy face a daily life of fear and more frequent physical violence. The high history of suffering violence before the age of 15 and experiencing physical or emotional violence by the intimate partner can aggravate the situation. The high history of violence and fear of the partner may have contributed to eventual understatement.</p> Mariana Pércia Namé de Souza Franco Fernanda Diniz e Silva Ana Luíza de Oliveira Assis Maria Aparecida dos Santos Traverzim Heloisa Fracalossi Frigini Jefferson Drezett Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Growth and Development 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 331 340 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13786 Guide for scientific writing: how to avoid common mistakes in a scientific article <p>Scientific writing is a process requiring dedication, knowledge, and skills from different scientific fields. However, the authors, especially young people starting graduate studies and scientific careers, are likely to make some mistakes when writing, which often goes unnoticed. This study describes common mistakes in scientific writing and how to avoid them. Mistakes can occur in the writing process before and during the act of writing, as many authors are not familiar with or skip important steps to be considered beforehand. To prepare the manuscript, it is essential that authors master the study subject matter and that research results are supported. During writing, the author often misuses the necessary items in each section, losing the logical sense of research data and making the article difficult to read. Before the writing process begins, it is, therefore, necessary to plan each paragraph and use textual techniques that ensure cohesion and coherence between paragraphs. This study thus describes the main mistakes in the process of writing scientific articles, aiming at improving techniques, optimizing researchers’ time to develop an appropriate, clear, and elegant text.</p> Erika Aparecida Silveira Amanda Maria de Sousa Romeiro Matias Noll Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Growth and Development 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 341 352 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13791 Conicity index: an anthropometric indicator of abdominal obesity <p>The Brazil, as well as the world, is in a transition process, with changes in the nutritional, epidemiological and lifestyle profiles. At the same time, a progressive increase in life expectancy and the growth of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have been observed in recent decades. Among them are cardiovascular diseases whose main risk factor is obesity. In this scenario, anthropometric indicators are essential for the early identification of obesity, especially obesity accumulated in the abdominal region. The conicity index is one of the recommended tools for identifying the distribution of body fat, as it is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic complications in the population, especially in individuals with NCDs. Therefore, the use of the anthropometric indicator as a screening tool both in primary care and in epidemiological studies is recommended for the early identification of abdominal obesity.</p> Luciane Bresciani Salaroli Cleodice Alves Martins Copyright (c) 2022 Salaroli LB, Martins CA 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 32 3 181 184 10.36311/jhgd.v32.13845