COVID-19 in the municipalities of Botucatu and Serrana, São Paulo, Brazil, the effects of lethality and mortality

Authors

  • Alan Patricio Silva aPrograma de Politica Publicas e desenvolvimento Local - Emescam, Espirito Santo, Brazil. bPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Centro Universitário FMABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brasil.
  • Mariane Albuquerque Ribeiro Laboratório de Delineamento de Estudos e Escrita Científica. Centro Universitário FMABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Matheus Paiva Emídio Laboratório de Delineamento de Estudos e Escrita Científica. Centro Universitário FMABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Blanca Elena Guerrero Daboin Laboratório de Delineamento de Estudos e Escrita Científica. Centro Universitário FMABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • Tassiane Cristina Morais aPrograma de Politica Publicas e desenvolvimento Local - Emescam, Espirito Santo, Brazil.
  • Cláudia Inês Pelegrini de Oliveira Abreu aPrograma de Politica Publicas e desenvolvimento Local - Emescam, Espirito Santo, Brazil.
  • Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra aPrograma de Politica Publicas e desenvolvimento Local - Emescam, Espirito Santo, Brazil.
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu cProfessor Titular da disciplina de Bioestatistica e Metodologia da Pesquisa, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Espírito Santo, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36311/jhgd.v32.13255

Keywords:

COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, mort, lethality, Epidemiology, quarantine

Abstract

Introduction: in 2019, the proliferation of a virus identified as SARS-CoV-2 emerged in the city of Wuhan, a district in China, quickly spread throughout the world, gaining pandemic status and less than 1 year, its repercussions and magnitude caused scientists, governments and society to adopt severe measures to combat this disease.

Objective: to analyze mortality, incidence and mortality from COVID-19 in the municipalities of Botucatu and Serrana, São Paulo, Brazil.

Methods: this is an ecological study with a time series design with secondary data. All registered cases and deaths registered by COVID-19 from April 2020 to August 2021 in the municipalities of Botucatu and Serrana, São Paulo, Brazil were considered. The incidence, mortality and lethality rate were used. The monthly and/or weekly percentage variation and their respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated.

Results: it identified that 12.88% of the residents of the city of Botucatu were infected with COVID-19 and 8.61% of the population of the municipality of Serrana was infected. There was a stationary trend of mortality and incidence in the period between April 2020 and May 2021 and decreasing in both sexes in the mortality rate in the municipality of Serrana, in the city of Botucatu there was a trend of increasing mortality and incidence in the same period observed.

Conclusion: The mass vaccination strategy of citizens in the cities of Botucatu and Serrana present robust data to consider that immunization has a decreasing effect on the number of cases and deaths from COVID-19, which effectively contributes to fighting the pandemic and reduces the contamination and progression of the disease to more severe cases.

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Published

2022-06-23

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES