COVID-19 and influenza: implications in the public health context


  • Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Rieraa Laboratório de Delineamento de Estudos e Escrita Científica, Centro Universitário FMABC, 09060-870 Santo André, SP, Brazil;
  • Raimundo Barbosa Barros cCoronary Center of the Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil;
  • Kjell Nikus dHeart Center, Tampere University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Finland;
  • Khalifa Elmusharaf b Brazil and Ireland COVID-19 Observatory; c School of Medicine, University of Limerick, V94 T9PX Limerick, Ireland



COVID-19, lethality, mortality, Haemophilus influenzae


The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 continues to have a major impact on health and social systems around the world. it becomes necessary to monitor these diseases so that there are parameters for better decision making on the appropriate clinical management of these respective diseases. The two viruses manifest themselves in a similar way, causing respiratory diseases that can present asymptomatically, as well as from the cold to severe respiratory problems until death. The form of transmission is similar, through contact with droplets or particles of saliva and secretions, which implies preventive actions that involve the same hygiene measures, use of masks and the need to cough using the elbow or disposable tissues. This characterizes a syndemic.


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