Basic life support education: the impact of lecture-demonstration in undergraduate students of health sciences
Keywords:education, learning disorder, Students, health occupations, cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Background: Cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) is a severe public health problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), basic life support (BLS) is the bedrock for improving people's survival after a cardiac arrest, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation is crucial. Through scientific evidence, empowering health professionals focuses on education in resuscitation is vital to identify and attend a CPA victim. In Brazil, there is a lack of data that evaluates the BLS knowledge of health science students. This study analyzed the knowledge retention of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy students after one year of having a lecture-demonstration on BLS.
Method: Longitudinal study. Undergraduate students of health science participated in the data collection and answered a questionnaire based on BLS following AHA guidelines. Data were collected during two consecutive years, in three different moments (an assessment, a test after a lecture, and an assessment test one year later).
Results: The group improved its score after the class on BLS; the number of correct answers doubled (p <0.001); however, one year later, that score decreased significantly (p <0.001).
Conclusion: No retention of knowledge in health sciences students after a year of a lecture-demonstration on BLS.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Cyntia Souza Carvalho Castanha, Luis Fernando Barbosa Tavares , Claudio Leone , Laércio da Silva Paiva , Blanca Elena Guerrero Daboin, Natália da Silva Freitas Marques , Juliana Zangirolami-Raimundo , Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo
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