Prevalence of obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and their associated factors in children and adolescents in a municipality in the Brazilian Amazon region

Authors

  • Juliana de Souza Almeida Aranha Camargo - Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student); 2- Department of Medicine, Afya/São Lucas University, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil;
  • Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)
  • Antônio Alcirley da Silva Balieiro Research Support Team, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil;
  • Felipe Arley Costa Pessoa Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)
  • Luís Marcelo Aranha Camargo Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36311/jhgd.v31.11209

Keywords:

Chronic Noncommunicable Disease, Brazilian Amazon, Students

Abstract

The prevalence of CND are rocketting over the world, including in young adults. The WHO estimates that more than half of the deaths in the world are caused by CND.

The authors carried out a cross-sectional study of 1,431 school children in the Brazilian Western Amazon, with children and young people aged 6 to 16 years. A random sampling of 496 individuals was carried out. The OpenEpi platform was used to calculate the sample size, considering p<0.05 and a presumed prevalence of CND of 50%. The authors applyied a clinical-epidemiological questionnaire, made anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. The authors used the diagnostic parameters recommended by the most recent guidelines of the Ministry of Health in Brazil

The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of obesity, high blood pressure (HBP) and dyslipidemia and its risk factors.

Prevalence of CND was: Obesity 11.8%, HBP of 6.7% and Dyslipidemia of 25.4%. After multivariate log-binomial analysis of the dependent variables, the statistically significant risk factors were: overweight 18.4%, sedentarism 32.2%, familial history of cardiovascular disease 23.4%, familial history of HBP 84.2%, familila dyslipidemia 55.8%, familial obesity 38.7% and familial chronic renal disease 40.6%.

The findings point to a picture with a relatively high prevalence of CNDs, as well as their risk factors. Intervention measures such as health education, food education, stimulation of physical exercise, and better school feeding are needed to mitigate the occurence of CND. It also points for the weakness of the local public health system, wehre specific health programmes already exist.

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Author Biographies

Juliana de Souza Almeida Aranha Camargo, - Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student); 2- Department of Medicine, Afya/São Lucas University, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil;

In head of the clinical laboratory of the Institute of Biomedical Science/5 of the Univesity of São Paulo and post graduation studente at FUNDAÇÃO OSWALDO CRUZ/ILMD/MANAUS.

, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)

Post graduation student (masters degree) at FUNDAÇÃO OSWALDO CRUZ/ILMD/MANAUS.

Antônio Alcirley da Silva Balieiro, Research Support Team, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil;

Dtatistician- Research Support Team, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leonidas and Maria Deane Institute.

Felipe Arley Costa Pessoa, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)

Researcher- Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute,

Luís Marcelo Aranha Camargo, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student)

MEDICAL DOCTOR, PROFESSOR OF THE UNIVESITY OF SÃO PAULO SINCE 1990. IN HEAD OF THE BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO AT RONDÔNIA AND VICE-COORDINATOR OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY/CNPq EPIDEMIOLOGY OF THW WESTERN AMAZONIA


a Oswaldo Cruz Foundation Leônidas and Maria Deane
Institute, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil (Post-Graduation Student);
b Department of Medicine, Afya/ São Lucas University, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil;
e Coordinator of the Biomedical Science Institute 5, University of São Paulo, Monte Negro, Rondonia;
f National Institute of Science & Technology, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil;
g Department of Medicine,Tropical Medicine Center, Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil;

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Published

2021-03-31

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES