Privacidade e Rede Social On-Line

Um modelo para a análise da coleta de dados pessoais

Autores

  • Fernando de Assis Rodrigues Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9634-1202
  • Ricardo Cesar Gonçalves Sant'Ana Unesp - Faculdade de Ciências e Engenharias - FCE Campus de Tupã

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36311/1981-1640.2023.v17.e023005

Palavras-chave:

Modelos de Dados, Modelos de Banco de Dados, Privacidade, Redes Sociais

Resumo

A popularização das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação permitiu novas formas de interação, incluindo os serviços de Rede Social Online (RSO). Esses serviços podem compartilhar dados pessoais com organizações terceirizadas por meio de Interfaces de Programação de Aplicativos (API), tornando uma tarefa complexa observar o fluxo de dados. Esta pesquisa propõe um modelo para identificar níveis e elementos disponíveis no fluxo de dados pessoais via API entre organizações detentoras de serviços RSO e agentes externos. Convergiu os mecanismos recorrentes em fornecer conjuntos de dados dos serviços RSO para agentes externos, a partir de uma leitura sistematizada da documentação técnica para estabelecer um modelo de banco de dados para buscar de forma conjunta a possibilidade de armazenar informações sobre os níveis em que as API forneceram dados pessoais a agentes externos, aplicando o Modelo Entidade-Relacionamento. Posteriormente, apresenta um Data Mart como prova de conceito para o modelo de banco de dados proposto, pretendendo comparar as formas de acesso aos atributos de dados pessoais armazenados e, em seguida, compartilhados pelos serviços RSO para agentes externos. Demonstrou que o modelo pode esclarecer os elementos inerentes ao fluxo de dados, permitindo uma análise mais estruturada, incluindo a possibilidade de monitoramento de mudanças na API pelas organizações ao longo do tempo.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Fernando de Assis Rodrigues, Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA)

Diretor da Faculdade de Arquivologia da Universidade Federal do Pará (mandatos 2020-2022 e 2023-2024). Professor Adjunto no Instituto de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, lotado na Faculdade de Arquivologia e no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação da Universidade Federal do Pará. Estágio de Pós-doutoramento, Doutor e Mestre em Ciência da Informação pela UNESP. Especialista em Sistemas para Internet pela UNIVEM. Bacharel em Sistemas de Informação pela UNISAGRADO. Membro dos grupos de pesquisa GPNTI - Novas Tecnologias em Informação e GPTAD - Tecnologias de Acesso a Dados (UNESP) e GECCIT - Grupo de Pesquisa - Grupo de Estudos Críticos sobre Ciência da Informação e Tecnologia (UFPA). Editor do periódico RECoDAF - Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitas para a Agricultura Familiar. Atua nas áreas da Ciência da Informação e da Ciência da Computação, com ênfase em Coleta de Dados e Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação, focado principalmente em Serviços de Redes Sociais Online e Privacidade.

Referências

Acquisti, Alessandro, and Ralph Gross. “Imagined Communities: Awareness, Information Sharing, and Privacy on the Facebook.” Privacy Enhancing Technologies, edited by George Danezis and Philippe Golle, vol. 4258, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006, pp. 36–58. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1007/11957454_3.

Alexa. “The Top 500 Sites on the Web.” The Top 500 Sites on the Web, 2021, https://www.alexa.com/topsites.

Altshuler, Yaniv, editor. Security and Privacy in Social Networks. Springer, 2013.

Baatarjav, Enkh-Amgalan, and Ram Dantu. “Current and Future Trends in Social Media.” 2011 IEEE Third International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2011 IEEE Third International Conference on Social Computing, 2011, pp. 1384–85. IEEE Xplore, https://doi.org/10.1109/PASSAT/SocialCom.2011.125.

Barnes, Susan B. “A Privacy Paradox: Social Networking in the United States.” First Monday, vol. 11, no. 9, Sept. 2006. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v11i9.1394.

Boyd, Danah. “Facebook’s Privacy Trainwreck: Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergence.” Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, vol. 14, no. 1, Feb. 2008, pp. 13–20. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1177/1354856507084416.

---. Making Sense of Teen Life: Strategies for Capturing Ethnographic Data in a Networked Era. 2013.

Boyd, Danah, and Nicole Ellison. “Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol. 13, no. 1, Oct. 2007, pp. 210–30. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00393.x.

Brannen, Julia. “Mixing Methods: The Entry of Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches into the Research Process.” International Journal of Social Research Methodology, vol. 8, no. 3, July 2005, pp. 173–84. DOI.org (Crossref), https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570500154642.

Castells, Manuel. The Rise of the Network Society. 2nd ed., Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Caviglione, L., et al. “A Taxonomy-Based Model of Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks.” International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4, Jan. 2014, pp. 325–38. inderscienceonline.com (Atypon), https://doi.org/10.1504/IJCSE.2014.060717.

Codd, E. F. The Relational Model for Database Management: Version 2. Addison-Wesley, 1990.

Creese, S., et al. “A Data-Reachability Model for Elucidating Privacy and Security Risks Related to the Use of Online Social Networks.” 2012 IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications, IEEE, 2012, pp. 1124–31. IEEE Xplore, https://doi.org/10.1109/TrustCom.2012.22.

Donath, Judith. “Signals in Social Supernets.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol. 13, no. 1, Oct. 2007, pp. 231–51. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00394.x.

Ellison, Nicole B., et al. “The Benefits of Facebook ‘Friends:’ Social Capital and College Students’ Use of Online Social Network Sites.” Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, vol. 12, no. 4, July 2007, pp. 1143–68. Silverchair, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00367.x.

Fogel, Joshua, and Elham Nehmad. “Internet Social Network Communities: Risk Taking, Trust, and Privacy Concerns.” Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 25, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 153–60. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.08.006.

Inmon, William H. Building the Data Warehouse. 4th ed., Wiley, 2005.

Khan, Jawad, et al. “Sentiment Analysis at Sentence Level for Heterogeneous Datasets.” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Emerging Databases: Technologies, Applications, and Theory, Association for Computing Machinery, 2016, pp. 159–63. ACM Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.1145/3007818.3007848.

Kimball, Ralph, and Margy Ross. The Data Warehouse Toolkit The Complete Guide to Dimensional Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Open WorldCat, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:1-2014122311140.

Krasnova, Hanna, et al. “Privacy Concerns and Identity in Online Social Networks.” Identity in the Information Society, vol. 2, no. 1, Dec. 2009, pp. 39–63. link.springer.com, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12394-009-0019-1.

Krishnamurthy, Balachander, and Craig E. Wills. “Characterizing Privacy in Online Social Networks.” WOSN ’08: Proceedings of the First Workshop on Online Social Networks, Association for Computing Machinery, 2008, pp. 37–42. ACM Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.1145/1397735.1397744.

---. “On the Leakage of Personally Identifiable Information via Online Social Networks.” Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Workshop on Online Social Networks, Association for Computing Machinery, 2009, pp. 7–12. ACM Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.1145/1592665.1592668.

Lanier, Jaron. Ten Arguments for Deleting Your Social Media Accounts Right Now. 1st ed., Henry Holt and Company, 2018.

Lankton, N. K., et al. “Understanding the Antecedents and Outcomes of Facebook Privacy Behaviors: An Integrated Model.” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, vol. 67, no. 3, Aug. 2020, pp. 697–711. IEEE Xplore, https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2019.2893541.

Lengyel, Balázs, et al. “Geographies of an Online Social Network.” PLOS ONE, edited by Wei-Xing Zhou, vol. 10, no. 9, Sept. 2015, p. e0137248. DOI.org (Crossref), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137248.

Lévy, Pierre. Cyberculture. University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Manikas, Konstantinos. “Revisiting Software Ecosystems Research: A Longitudinal Literature Study.” Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 117, July 2016, pp. 84–103. ScienceDirect, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2016.02.003.

Meta, Inc. “Graph API.” API Documentation, 2021, https://developers.facebook.com/docs/graph-api/.

Microsoft, Inc. LinkedIn API. 2021, https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/linkedin/.

Mika, Peter. Social Networks and the Semantic Web. 1st ed., Springer, 2007.

Mislove, Alan, et al. “Measurement and Analysis of Online Social Networks.” Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGCOMM Conference on Internet Measurement, ACM Press, 2007, pp. 29–42. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1145/1298306.1298311.

Mondal, Mainack, et al. “Limiting Large-Scale Crawls of Social Networking Sites.” Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM 2011 Conference, Association for Computing Machinery, 2011, pp. 398–99. ACM Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.1145/2018436.2018487.

NASDAQ. “Quotes For NASDAQ-100 Index.” NASDAQ, 10 Mar. 2021, https://www.nasdaq.com/market-activity/quotes/nasdaq-ndx-index.

Penni, Janice. “The Future of Online Social Networks (OSN): A Measurement Analysis Using Social Media Tools and Application.” Telematics and Informatics, vol. 34, no. 5, Aug. 2017, pp. 498–517. ScienceDirect, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2016.10.009.

Pozzi, Federico Alberto, et al., editors. Sentiment Analysis in Social Networks. 1st ed., Elsevier Inc., 2017.

Rodrigues, Fernando de Assis. Coleta de dados em redes sociais: privacidade de dados pessoais no acesso via Application Programming Interface. Universidade Estadual Paulista, 3 Mar. 2017, https://repositorio.unesp.br/handle/11449/149768.

---. “Identifying Semantic Characteristics of User Interaction Datasets through Application of a Data Analysis.” Advances in Knowledge Organization, edited by International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) et al., 1st ed., vol. 16, Ergon Verlag, 2018, pp. 581–87.

Rodrigues, Fernando de Assis, and Ricardo César Gonçalves Sant’Ana. “Use of Taxonomy of Privacy to Identify Activities Found in Social Network’s Terms of Use.” Knowledge Organization, vol. 43, no. 4, 2016, pp. 285–95.

Sandelowski, Margarete. “Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Sampling, Data Collection, and Analysis Techniques in Mixed-Method Studies.” Research in Nursing & Health, vol. 23, no. 3, June 2000, pp. 246–55. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-240X(200006)23:3<246::AID-NUR9>3.0.CO;2-H.

Schneider, Fabian, et al. “Understanding Online Social Network Usage from a Network Perspective.” Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCOMM Conference on Internet Measurement, Association for Computing Machinery, 2009, pp. 35–48. ACM Digital Library, https://doi.org/10.1145/1644893.1644899.

Silberschatz, Abraham, et al. Database System Concepts. 6th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Singla, Parag, and Matthew Richardson. “Yes, There Is a Correlation - From Social Networks to Personal Behavior on the Web.” WWW 2008, WWW2008 Organizing Committee, 2008, pp. 655–64.

Statista. “Global Social Network Penetration Rate as of January 2021, by Region.” Statista, Jan. 2021, https://www.statista.com/statistics/269615/social-network-penetration-by-region/.

The Apache Software Foundation. Analyzing Social Media - Apache Drill. 2020, https://drill.apache.org/docs/analyzing-social-media/.

Thomsen, Erik. OLAP Solutions: Building Multidimensional Information Systems. 2nd ed., Wiley Computer Pub, 2002.

Trepte, Sabine, and Leonard Reinecke, editors. Privacy Online: Perspectives on Privacy and Self-Disclosure in the Social Web. Springer-Verlag, 2011.

Tufekci, Zeynep. “Can You See Me Now? Audience and Disclosure Regulation in Online Social Network Sites.” Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, vol. 28, no. 1, Dec. 2007, pp. 20–36. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1177/0270467607311484.

Twitter, Inc. Twitter API Documentation. 2021, https://developer.twitter.com/en/docs/twitter-api.

Wall Street Journal. “How to Fix Social Media.” Wall Street Journal, 29 Oct. 2021. www.wsj.com, https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-to-fix-social-media-11635526928.

Watts, Duncan J. Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. W. W. Norton & Company, 2004.

We Are Social. “Digital 2021: The Latest Insights into the ‘State of Digital.’” We Are Social, 27 Jan. 2021, https://wearesocial.com/blog/2021/01/digital-2021-the-latest-insights-into-the-state-of-digital.

Weber, Larry. Marketing to the Social Web: How Digital Customer Communities Build Your Business. John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

Young, Alyson L., and Anabel Quan-Haase. “Information Revelation and Internet Privacy Concerns on Social Network Sites: A Case Study of Facebook.” Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Communities and Technologies, ACM Press, 2009, pp. 265–74. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1145/1556460.1556499.

Zhang, Fan, et al. “When Engagement Meets Similarity: Efficient (k,r)-Core Computation on Social Networks.” Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, vol. 10, no. 10, June 2017, pp. 998–1009. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.14778/3115404.3115406.

Zhang, Huiyuan, et al. “Profit Maximization for Multiple Products in Online Social Networks.” IEEE INFOCOM 2016 - The 35th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE, 2016, pp. 1–9. IEEE Xplore, https://doi.org/10.1109/INFOCOM.2016.7524470.

Zimmer, Michael. “‘But the Data Is Already Public’: On the Ethics of Research in Facebook.” Ethics and Information Technology, vol. 12, no. 4, Dec. 2010, pp. 313–25. CrossRef, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10676-010-9227-5.

Downloads

Publicado

2023-01-19

Como Citar

de Assis Rodrigues, F., e R. C. G. Sant’Ana. “Privacidade E Rede Social On-Line: Um Modelo Para a análise Da Coleta De Dados Pessoais”. Brazilian Journal of Information Science: Research Trends, vol. 17, janeiro de 2023, p. e023005, doi:10.36311/1981-1640.2023.v17.e023005.