In what sense is the Kantian rabble wild?

Autores

  • Diogo Sardinha University of Lisbon

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36311/2318-0501.2021.v9n1.p43

Palavras-chave:

Anthropology, people, rabble, savage, wild

Resumo

When Kant defines the people in Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, he presents the rabble as “the wild multitude”. This article aims to explore what is meant here concretely by “wild”. It starts by investigating the meaning of the word in Kant’s times, before it asks what it means to be a savage in the midst of the civilized people. In a third moment, I explore the links between being unreasonable and being wild, and I argue that the problem of “the wild multitude” is not originally moral, but juridical and epistemic. A last section will explore the relations between ideal peoples with no rabble and empirical peoples with a rabble. I will then conclude over two different viewpoints on a scale going, first, from irrational animals to beings endowed with the capacity of reason and, finally, to rational human beings.

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Biografia do Autor

Diogo Sardinha, University of Lisbon

Centre of Philosophy of the University of Lisbon. Diogo Sardinha studied philosophy at the University of Lisbon (B.A. 1997) and University of Paris-Nanterre (adviser Étienne Balibar, M.A. 1999, Ph.D 2005), before obtaining his French “Habilitation” at the University of Paris 8 (2016). Former visiting scholar at Catholic University of São Paulo (2006), French-German Marc Bloch Research Center for Social Sciences in Berlin (2007), Freie Universität Berlin (2007-2008) and Columbia University (2013). Fellow of the Collège International de Philosophie in Paris from 2010 to 2016, President from 2013 to 2016 and first non-French person to hold this office.

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Publicado

2021-07-10

Edição

Seção

Artigos/Articles