Overweight and obesity: prevalence in children and adolescents in Northern Brazil

  • Edson dos Santos Farias Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil/ Centro de Estudos de Pesquisa em Saúde Coletiva (CEPESCO-UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil
  • Katia Fernanda Alves Moreira Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil/ Centro de Estudos de Pesquisa em Saúde Coletiva (CEPESCO-UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil
  • Josivana Pontes dos Santos Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil/ Centro de Estudos de Pesquisa em Saúde Coletiva (CEPESCO-UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil
  • Ivanice Fernandes Barcellos Gemelli Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil/ Centro de Estudos de Pesquisa em Saúde Coletiva (CEPESCO-UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil
  • Gean Magalhães da Costa Universidade Federal de Rondônia (UNIR) - Porto Velho (RO), Brasil
  • Orivaldo Florêncio de Souza Centro de Ciências da Saúde e Desporto (CCSD-UFAC) - Rio Branco (AC), Brasil
Keywords: Overweight, Obesity, Choolchildren

Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is a chronic disease with a multifactorial etiology, brought about by a set of genetic, environmental and psychological factors. This may generate comorbidities that affect the quality of life and involve other risks to health.

Objective: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school children and adolescents in Porto Velho - Rondônia, Brazil in the period  2013-2016.

Methods: This study included 4165 schoolchildren aged 9 to 18 years. The students were classified as overweight and obese, according to the z score of the body mass index (BMI) for age and calculated according the WHO AnthroPlus program. Subsequently, BMI for age was categorized according to the criteria proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2007): overweight (? score z +1 ? z + 2) and obese (? score z +2). Prevalence calculations were performed using the SPSS version 20.0 program.  

Results: Overall, the prevalence of overweight was 27.1%, being overweight 18.8% and obese 8.3%, in private schools 21.4% and 9.8%, public schools 17.0% and 7.2% respectively. The east zone predominated in both education networks 18.8% and 8.3% respectively. In males, the highest prevalence was at nine years old, 30.7% and 23.0%, and female, 24.3% and 13.8%.

Conclusion: The magnitude of the prevalence of overweight and obesity was high and worrying among schoolchildren and adolescents in the city of Porto Velho, which demonstrates the need for public health actions aimed at the family unit, regardless of the social segment.

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Published
2020-06-17
Section
ORIGINAL ARTICLES