According to Kant, happiness [Glückseligkeit] is defined as “the condition of a rational being in the world when everything goes according to its wish and will” (KpV, AA 05: 124). As Kant suggests, no human being will ever be able to determine, with certainty, what would truly make him happy (cf. GMS, AA 04: 418). The author points to the distinction between the doctrine of happiness (related to empirical principles) and moral doctrine, stating that “it is not my happiness but the preservation of my moral integrity that is my end and also my duty” (MS-TL, AA 06: 388). Despite this distinction, there is no opposition between them, including Kant the concept of self-contentment [Selbstzufriedenheit]. Many questions have arisen in the contemporary debate on these topics, such as the importance, or not, of the concept of happiness itself in Kantian ethics, the existence of two concept of happiness in his ethics, the parallelism between Kant’s position and those of classical authors, the relationship between freedom and happiness, the consideration of the happiness of others as a duty or the relationship between the concept of justice and the right of the human being to claim the connection between virtue and happiness.
Recebido / Received: 3.11.2019.
Aprovado / Approved: 27.11.2019.
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