Fé.

  • Claudia Fidalgo da Silva University of Porto
Palavras-chave: Opinion, knowledge, religion, pure religious faith, ecclesiastical faith, Christianity, ethical community

Resumo

Kant investigates the concept of faith [Glaube] several times in his philosophy and under various perspectives. In one of them, the author investigates this concept, contrasting it with the definitions of opinion and knowledge (cf., for example, KrV, A 822/ B 850; KU, §91, AA 05: 454; Log, AA 09: 66). Another perspective on which Kant investigates the concept of faith is pointing to the distinction between pure religious faith, as the one that can establish a true Church, and ecclesiastical faith, as a historical faith, not having “the most important mark of its [Church] truth, namely the legitimate claim to universality” (RGV, AA 06: 109).
Many questions have arisen in the contemporary debate on these topics, such as the various and divergent positions on Kant’s claim “I had (…) to remove knowledge, in order to make room for belief” (B XXX), the relationship between different types of faith and pure religious faith, the proximity between the Kantian concept of pure rational faith and Christianity or questions related to faith in organization of human being, in order to create an ethical community.

Recebido / Received: 27.8.2019.
Aprovado / Approved: 4.10.2019.

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Biografia do Autor

Claudia Fidalgo da Silva, University of Porto

PhD Researcher at the Institute of Philosophy of the University of Porto, Portugal. Doctoral Dissertation: “From individual agent to human race. Analysis of a Kantian problematic” (2017).Scholarship granted by Foundation for Science and Technology (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia – FCT, Portugal).
Her research interest issues include: Kant, History of Philosophy, practical philosophy, religion, political philosophy, anthropology, education. Her research is part of the recent turning point in Kantian hermeneutics, which recognizes not only the importance of questions related to knowledge and theoretical philosophy, but also the extreme relevance and fecundity of what we may call practical philosophy – understood in a broad sense, which includes moral philosophy, philosophy of law and political philosophy, questions related to the Critique of Judgment, as well as questions of anthropological nature related to the process of civilization and moralization, such as the relevance of the education of the human being, the realization of the “destiny of humanity” as a human race or the meaning of universal history in a cosmopolitan design.

Publicado
2020-01-14
Seção
Artigos/Articles